Research team

The Jyväskylä Discourse Hub crew shares an interest in examining language in society. We foreground a view on language as practice and examine how multilingual and multimodal resources are used across various spaces and time. We are particularly interested in practices and resources related to minority language communities, multilingualism, media, new language industries, tourism, language policies and ideologies, community interpreting, and crowd sourcing.

We are also very interested in developing multimodal and rhizomatic approaches to discourse analysis, employing approaches such as critical discourse analysis, multi-sited ethnography, and nexus analysis within our work and developing research on interpretation (such as community interpreting) and language within new economies from discourse analytical perspectives.  In our research we draw on different traditions within the field of discourse studies, in particular critical discourse analysis, multimodal discourse analysis, nexus analysis, and related fields such as applied linguistics, linguistic ethnography and ethnography.

Below you will find links to our individual webpages where you can learn more about our backgrounds and research interests.  Our team’s core research areas are also profiled below.

The crew

Sari Pietikäinen


Professor of Discourse Studies, University of Jyväskylä

Research Interests:

Multilingualism, heteroglossia, minoritized language communities, Sámi communities, language ideological processes, rhizomatic discourse analysis, critical discourse studies, media studies, ethnography, visual methods

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Sanna Tapionkaski

Dr. Sanna Lehtonen

Senior Lecturer, Department of Languages, University of Jyväskylä

Research interests:
language and gender, identity, critical discourse studies, feminist discourse studies, narrative studies, culture studies, literary studies, fan studies, (new) media discourses, fantasy, science fiction.

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Kati Dlaske

Kati's picture

Postdoctoral Researcher, Discourse Studies, University of Jyväskylä

Research interests:

Language in the globalized new economy; multilingualism & language minorities; (popular) media discourse; (new) gendered subjectivities; (neoliberal) governmentalities; multimodal critical discourse studies; ethnography; governmentality studies; media studies

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Sarah Compton

Sarah Compton

Ph.D. Candidate, Discourse Studies, University of Jyväskylä

Research interests:

My research interests lie at the intersections of language-in-education policy and multimodal-multilingualism. In particular, I am interested in how sign and spoken languages are managed in homes, at school, and within society.

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Maiju Strömmer


Ph.D. Candidate, Finnish language, University of Jyväskylä

Research interests:
Migration Studies, Multilingualism, Second language learning, Work-related language learning, Language and Identity, Linguistic Ethnography, Nexus Analysis, Discourse Analysis.

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Minna Tiainen

Ph.D. Candidate, Discourse Studies, University of Jyväskylä

Research interests:

Media, Political communication, Discourse studies

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Anna Kavoura

PhD candidate, Faculty of Sport and Health Sciences, University of Jyväskylä

Research interests:

Cultural sport psychology, gender studies, identity studies, martial arts studies, ethnography, Foucauldian discourse analysis

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Francis M. Hult


Associate Professor, Centre for Languages and Literature, Lund University
Docent/Adjunct professor, University of Jyväskylä

Research interests:

Management of linguistic diversity in multilingual social environments, with an emphasis on the impact of the international spread of English on language policies and practices. He is particularly interested in processes of language planning that attempt to manage the status of national languages with respect to minority and foreign languages in Scandinavia.

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Helen Kelly-Holmes

HKH pic

Lecturer in Sociolinguistics, Assistant Dean of Research, University of Limerick
Docent/Adjunct Professor, University of Jyväskylä

Research interests:

All of my research areas fall under the broad heading of sociolinguistics, the reflexive relationship between language and society, particularly in the areas of public and media language. My specific interest is in the interrelationship between the media, markets and languages.

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Anna Solin


University Lecturer, Department of Modern Languages, University of Helsinki
Docent, University of Jyväskylä

Research interests:

Genre, discourse and regulation, language regulation in academia,  globalisation, English in academic settings.

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Florian Hiss


Postdoc at UiT—The Arctic University of Norway; project leader of the project “Linguistic and Cultural Diversity at Work” (funded by the Research Council of Norway)

Research Interests:

Sociolinguistics, Pragmatics, Discourse Analysis. Multilingualism in the North of Norway, language and work, language and time, language and responsibility.

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Emanuel da Silva

Emanuel da Silva

Postdoctoral Researcher, Discourse Studies, University of Jyväskylä

Research interests:

Ethnography, critical sociolinguistics, linguistic anthropology, critical discourse studies, ideologies of language and identity, the political-economy of language, post-nationalism, transgression, performativity, ethno-linguistic minorities

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Anu Karjalainen

Anu Karjalainen_Foto

Postdoctoral Researcher, Discourse Studies,  University of Jyväskylä

Research interests:

multilingualism, language ideologies, ethnography, visual and material methods, language biographies, Finnish communities abroad, Finnish as a second and foreign language

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Core research areas

Peripheral multilingualism

Sociolinguistic ethnography of contestation and innovation in multilingual Sámi, Corsican, Irish and Welsh indigenous and minority language contexts.

Peripheral multilingualism is a four year research project (2012-2015) funded by the Academy of Finland. The project is a sociolinguistic ethnography that examines contestation and innovation in multilingual Sámi, Corsican, Irish and Welsh indigenous and minority language contexts. Starting from the premise that the relative fixity and fluidity of language boundaries are emergent properties of interaction, we focus on the tensions and creativity that arise from complex and changing multilingual processes, practices and experiences in these contexts. We argue that peripheral multilingual minority language sites are particularly revealing for rethinking what multilingualism means as they call into question the very nature of categories like “language” and “speaker”. We adopt a collaborative, multisited ethnography together with a discourse studies approach to identify and explore linguistic, social and ideological characteristics of peripheral multilingualism present across these indigenous and minority language contexts.

This website was developed, in part, to fulfill the Peripheral Multilingualism project’s aim to foster collaboration among researchers, educators, practitioners, and community members. More information about the Peripheral Multilingualism project can be found

Pietikäinen, Sari & Kelly-Holmes, Helen (2013). Multilingualism and the periphery. Oxford University press.

Language ideologies

Language ideologies are cultural conceptions about the definition, function, and functioning of language and different languages and varieties. For example, mentions to regional or minority languages in European Union law constitute principles rather than rules. Therefore, rather than setting up concrete measures aimed at protecting these languages, these dispositions link regional or minority languages with discourses related to European identity, such as cultural and linguistic diversity and human rights. Translations of linguistic variation in the novel, on the other hand, provide examples of the ways in which language ideologies orient the interpretation of indexicality (in the discourse studies meaning of the word) and linguistic stereotyping, especially if the variety in question is a stigmatized dialect or ethnolect. In community interpreting settings, language ideologies can create tensions and misunderstandings because different participants (e.g., interpreters, public service professionals, and immigrants or refugees in need of interpreting services) do not have the same conception of language, communication, and multilingualism.

Suggested References

Määttä, S.K. (2011). Kieli-ideologiat ja oikeustulkkauksen laatu (”Language Ideologies and the Quality of Court Interpreting”). MikaEL (Kääntämisen ja tulkkauksen tutkimuksen symposiumin verkkojulkaisu — Electronic Proceedings of the KäTu Symposium on Translation and Interpreting Studies) 5 (2011). Available on line at

Määttä, S.K. (2008). Langues et identité européenne ou « locuteur idéal » trilingue. In Martinez et al., eds., Plurilinguismes et enseignement: Identités en construction. Paris: Riveneuve, 2008, 91-100.

Määttä, S.K. (2007). The Foundations of Europe: A Critical Discourse Analysis of the EU Constitution.Critical Approaches to Discourse Analysis across Disciplines 1:1, 166-178. Available on line at

Määttä, S.K. (2005). The European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages, French Language Laws, and National Identity. Language Policy 4:2, 167-186. Available on line at

Määttä, S.K. (2004). Dialect and Point of View: The Ideology of Translation in The Sound and the Fury in French. Target — International Journal of Translation Studies 16:2, 319-339. Abstract available on line at

Language in the new economy

‘Globalized new economy’ is a term that tries to capture a number of changes taking place in production and consumption of goods in the contemporary era: expansion of the tertiary sector (services and immaterial goods), creation of new markets through differentiation, ‘globalization’ of production and consumption through new technologies, transportation networks, and dismantling of the regulative powers of the nation states.

Viewing language broadly, as an assemblage of linguistic, discursive and cultural resources, researchers interested in language in the globalized new economy investigate how language is used not only as a means of communication but increasingly as a commodity and as a key resource in the production of new kinds of commodities (touristic experiences, artistic and handicraft products), how language is used to create new configurations of peripheries and centers, how it is mobilized to call into being new global subjectivities and what this all means in terms of (the shifting relations of) power and inequality.

Suggested References

Bröckling, U. (2007). Das unternehmerische Selbst. Soziologie einer Subjektivierungsform. Frankfurt a.M.: Suhrkamp.

Harvey, D. (2010). The enigma of capital and the crises of capitalism. London: Profile books.

Heller, M (2011). Paths to postnationalism: a critical ethnography of language and identity.
New York: Oxford university press.

Heller, M. & Duchêne, A. (2012) (Eds.). Language in late capitalism. Pride and profit.
New York: Routledge.

Kauppinen, K. (2012). Subjects of Risk. Neoliberale Gouvernementalität in einer gegenwärtigen Frauenzeitschrift. In: Dreesen, P, Kumiega, L and Spieß, C (eds.) Mediendiskursanalyse. Diskurse-Dispositive-Medien-Macht. In the series: Theorie und Praxis der Diskursforschung. Wiesbaden: Springer VS. 189-206.

Kauppinen, K. (2012). Subjects of Aspiration. Untersuchung von diskursiven Prozessen neoliberaler Regierung in einer postfeministischen Frauenzeitschrift. Finnische Beiträge zur Germanistik 28. Doctoral thesis. Frankfurt a. M.: Peter Lang.

Kauppinen, K. (2013). ‘Full power despite stress’: A discourse analytical examination of the interconnectedness of postfeminism and neoliberalism in the domain of work in an international women’s magazine. Discourse & Communication. 7(2).

Pietikäinen, S., & Dlaske, K. (2013). Cutting across media spaces and boundaries: The case of a hybrid, indigenous Sámi TV comedy. Sociolinguistica 27, 87-100.

Discourse in language education policy

Debates about which spoken and signed languages to use in education—as languages of instruction, languages of study, etc.—are taken up on international, national, and local stages by parents, educators, politicians, and policymakers alike. Language-in-education policy takes shape in the form of documents and processes. De jure national education policies establish frameworks within which decisions about language in education are made. At the same time, however, policies are not created, interpreted, and implemented uniformly. Thus, researchers are interested in understanding not only the ways in which language(s) is discursively constructed in de jure policies, but also investigating how the policy initiatives are taken up or resisted by various stakeholders within educational spheres.

Suggested References

Compton, S.E. (2010). Implementing Language Policy for Deaf Students from Spanish-Speaking Homes: The Case of Agents in a Texas School District. Master’s thesis, University of Texas at San Antonio:

Corson, D. (1999). Language policy in schools: A resource for teachers and administrators. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Hult, F.M., & Compton, S.E. (2012). Deaf education policy as language policy: A comparative analysis of Sweden and the United States. Sign Language Studies, 12(4), 602-620.

Institute for Language and Education Policy:

Johnson, D. C. (2009). Ethnography of language policy. Language Policy, 8(2), 139-159.

Kaplan, R. B., & Baldauf, R. B. (1997). Language planning from practice to theory. Bristol, PA: Multilingual Matters Ltd.

Menken, K., & Garcia, O., (Eds.) (2010). Negotiating language policies in schools. New York, NY: Routledge.

Reagan, T. G. (2010). Language Policy and Planning for Sign Languages. Washington, DC: Gallaudet University Press.

We welcome your contributions of other research materials to include in the suggested reference lists that appear in each of the these core areas. Submissions can be made here: submit your research.